The Number of the Circassians in the Caucasus
According to the 2010 Russian Census, the number of Circassians (Adiga and Abaza) in the three “Circassian” republics in the North Caucasus is 690,886.
Note: This number does not include the Circassians that live in the Caucasus but outside the borders of these republics (in the Shapsugh Region, the Krasnodar Region, the Stavropol Region, North Ossetia, Abkhazia, etc.), nor the Circassians living in the other regions and cities of The Russian Federation. It is thought that these groups easily exceed 100,000 in aggregate number. The number of the Abkhaz in Abkhazia is estimated at 120-150 thousands.
The Kabardino-Balkarian Republic:
Population of the Republic = 859,939
No. of Kabardians = 490,453 (57.2% of total republican population)
The Karachai-Cherkess Republic:
Population of the Republic = 477,859
No. of Cherkess = 56,466 (11.9% of total republican population)
No. of Abaza = 36,919 (7.8% of total republican population)
The Cherkess and Abaza make up 19.7% of the total republican population.
Population of the Republic = 439,996
No. of Adigeans = 107,048 (25.2% of total republican population)
Total population of the three “Circassian” republics = 1,777,794 (including all ethnic groups). The Circassian population in the three republics as a percentage of the total population is 38.9%. It is only in the Kabardino-Balkarian Republic that the Circassians make a numerical majority.
The total area of the three Circassian republics is 34,200 sq km (Kabardino-Balkaria = 12,500 sq km; Karachai-Cherkessia = 14,100 sq km; Adigea = 7,800 sq km).
This is an increase of 2,132 in the total no. of Circassians in the three Circassian republics since the 2002 Russian Census (0.31%), a very small increase by any standards. The total number of Circassians in the three Circassian republics according to the 2002 Russian Census was 688,754 (Kabardians = 498,702; Cherkess = 49,591; Abaza = 32,346; Adigeans = 108,115).